The author acquires author rights (copyright) at the instance of author work creation.

Author’s work is an individual spiritual creation in the field of literature, science and art, which is expressed in a certain way, if the Law on Copyright and Related Rights (hereinafter: the Law) doesn’t specify otherwise.

With author’s work, the following are considered:

  1. spoken works (lectures, speeches, allocution, etc.);

  2. written works (novels, poetry, articles, manuals, studies, monographs, computer programs, etc.);

  3. musical works, with or without words;

  4. drama, drama-music, choreographic, puppet and pantomimic works;

  5. photographic works and works created in a process similar to photography;

  6. audiovisual works;

  7. works of fine art (drawings, graphics, paintings, sculptures, etc.);

  8. works of architecture (sketches, plans, built objects from the field of architecture, urban planning and landscape architecture, etc.);

  9. works of applied art and industrial design;

  10. cartographic works (tourist maps, auto maps, topographic maps, thematic maps, etc.);

  11. presentations of scientific, teaching or technical nature (technical drawings, plans, standards, expert expertise, three-dimensional presentations, etc.).

The incomplete author’s work, parts and title of the copyright work are deemed to be copyrighted if they meet the requirements of the Law.

Processing (translations, adaptations, arrangements, changes, etc.) of works of authorship or other material shall be deemed to be a new author’s work if they meet the requirements of the Law. The protection of the work created by processing does not limit the rights of the author of the original work.

With independent author’s work a collection of works of art or other material (encyclopedia, anthology, databases, collections of documents, etc.) are considered, which, in terms of choice or alignment or content distribution, meets the requirements of the Law.

The database is a collection of independent works, data or other materials in any form, which is systematically or methodically aligned and individually accessible by electronic or other means.

Protection of a collection by Law does not include its content and does not limit the rights to the content itself. The protection of a collection by Law does not include computer programs used for the creation or operation of electronic databases.

Copyright protection does not include:

  1. ideas, principles and discoveries;

  2. official texts in the field of legislation, administration and judiciary;

  3. official translations of texts in the field of legislation, administration and judiciary;

  4. expressions of traditional culture (folklore works);

  5. daily news or other data, which have the character of ordinary media information.